Comprehensive Cardiovascular Health Check-Up


Maintaining optimal cardiovascular health is a crucial part for overall well-being and longevity. Regular cardiovascular health check-ups play a vital role in preventive health care, enabling early detection and timely management of heart disease risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and lifestyle habits.  

Comprehensive cardiovascular health check-ups in Cuba are developed according to each individual’s specific needs with a focus on early detection of cardiovascular conditions, personalized risk factors, monitoring heart health, scrutinizing for silent heart conditions, and providing guidance on lifestyle changes and preventive measures. 

Included in the Cardiovascular Health Check-Up  

A cardiovascular health check-up in Cuba involves several key components to thoroughly assess and manage heart health: 

Initial Consultation: 

  • Medical History Review: During this part of the program personal history and family history will be reviewed. Any current medications or health concerns will also be discussed. 
  • Physical Examination: This examination involves several key components to assess overall cardiovascular health including measuring vital signs such as blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate to evaluate cardiovascular function. Physical signs of heart disease, such as swelling in the legs or feet (edema), which may indicate heart failure, listening to the heart and lungs to detect abnormal sounds, such as murmurs or irregular rhythms, will also be carried out. Additionally, the examination of palpation of the abdomen to check for an enlarged liver or fluid buildup, inspection of the skin for cyanosis or other signs of poor circulation, and assessment of body weight and BMI to identify obesity will also be performed. 

Diagnostic Tests: 

  • Blood Tests: Blood work is a crucial part of heart health examination, providing essential information about various risk factors and the overall condition of the cardiovascular system.  Blood tests include:
    • Measuring cholesterol levels. 
    • Blood glucose levels. 
    • Inflammation markers. 
    • Kidney function.  
    • Liver function. 
    • Electrolytes and hemoglobin levels.


  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): This is a non-invasive test that involves placing electrodes on the skin of the chest, arms, and legs to measure the electrical impulses generated by the heart as it beats to detect any irregularities. The resulting ECG tracings provide valuable information about the heart’s rhythm, rate, and electrical conduction patterns. By analyzing these patterns, healthcare providers can identify abnormalities such as arrhythmias, heart block, or evidence of a previous heart attack. The ECG can also help detect conditions like ischemia or hypertrophy, contributing to a comprehensive assessment of heart health and guiding further diagnostic or therapeutic. 
  • Echocardiogram: This non-invasive tests use ultrasound waves to create detailed images of the heart’s structure, size and shape, the condition of the heart valves, the thickness of the heart walls, and the overall functioning of the heart chambers. It is carried out by placing a transducer on the chest to send and receive sound waves that bounce off the heart, producing real-time images on a monitor. The echocardiogram allows healthcare providers to assess the size and shape of the heart. It can detect abnormalities such as valve disorders, congenital heart defects, cardiomyopathy, and areas of poor blood flow.   
  • Stress Test: A stress test evaluates how the heart performs under physical exertion. Typically, this involves walking on a treadmill or pedaling a stationary bike while heart activity is monitored using an electrocardiogram (ECG).  The test gradually increases in intensity to raise the heart rate, allowing for the observation of the heart’s response to the increased demand for blood and oxygen. This helps identify issues such as coronary artery disease, abnormal heart rhythms, and areas of the heart that may not be receiving adequate blood flow.  
  • Cardiac CT or MRI: MRI and CT scans are used to provide detailed images of the heart and its surrounding structures. An MRI is used to generate high-resolution images of the heart’s anatomy, including the chambers, valves, and blood vessels, while a CT creates cross-sectional images of the heart and blood vessels. Both imaging methods are non-invasive and offer comprehensive insights into the heart’s structure and function. 
  • Cardiac catheterization: This is an invasive procedure used only when non-invasive tests suggest the presence of heart disease and more detailed information is needed. The procedure involves inserting a thin, flexible tube (a catheter) into a blood vessel in the arm, groin, or neck, and guiding it to the heart in order to perform various diagnostic tests such as measuring the pressure and oxygen levels in different parts of the heart, taking blood samples, and injecting contrast dye for X-ray imaging (a coronary angiography). This detailed visualization helps identify blockages, coronary artery disease, heart valve issues, and congenital heart defects.  

 Lifestyle and Risk Factor Assessment: 

  • Dietary Evaluation: A dietary evaluation is carried out to assess the individual’s eating habits and nutritional intake and to identify potential risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A patient’s daily diet, including the types and quantities of foods consumed is reviewed, with a particular focus on the intake of saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium, and sugar to identify unhealthy eating patterns that could contribute to heart disease. 
  • Physical Activity Review: Physical activity measurement is to assess the patient’s level and frequency of physical activity, the types of exercises performed, their duration, intensity, and how often they are done each week. This assessment helps identify whether the patient meets the recommended guidelines for physical activity. Understanding a patient’s physical activity level is crucial for identifying sedentary behaviors that can increase the risk of heart disease.
  • Smoking and Alcohol Use: Identify habits that may increase your cardiovascular risk and receive guidance on quitting. 

 Personalized Health Plan: 

  • Based on the findings from consultation and diagnostic tests, the Cuban healthcare team will develop an individualized health plan to manage and reduce cardiovascular risk factors. It usually includes recommendations for lifestyle modifications such as a heart-healthy diet, regular physical activity, weight management, smoking cessation, and alcohol moderation. Additionally, it may involve medical interventions like medications to control blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes, as well as follow-up appointments for ongoing monitoring and management.


Who Should Get a Cardiovascular Health Check-Up 

While everyone can benefit from regular cardiovascular health check-ups, certain groups are at higher risk and should prioritize these evaluations: 

  • Individuals Over 40: Age is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. 
  • Family History of Heart Disease: Genetic predispositions increase risk. 
  • Existing Health Conditions: Those with hypertension, diabetes, or high cholesterol. 
  • Lifestyle Factors: Smokers, heavy drinkers, and those with sedentary lifestyles. 



  • Electronic patient bed
  • Equipment for disabled patient
  • Oxygen hookup
  • Three à la carte meals taking into account the patient’s preferences and / or special diets prescribed by physician
  • Fully equipped private bathroom
  • Infirmary and nursing care
  • Colour TV with national and international channels
  • Local and international phone services (extra cost will apply)
  • Safe box
  • Internet service on every floor
  • Laundry services


  • Assistance in visa issuance and extension (If needs be)
  • Each patient/ companion will be assigned a multi-lingual field member with the mandate of attending to all of our patients’ translation and personal needs;
  • 20 hours internet service;
  • Local airport pickup and drop off; and
  • Hospital pickup and drop off (if needed)

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