Autism Spectrum Disorder Treatment in Cuba

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex, lifelong neurodevelopmental condition that affects individuals differently and is typified by difficulties in communication, social interactions, and repetitive behaviors.  

In Cuba, the approach to treating ASD is by understanding the complexities of autism as experienced by the individual and providing individualized interventions by combining medical, neurological, and physical rehabilitation that can make a significant difference in the lives of those with ASD and their families.   

The program offered in Cuba is approximately 37 days with the first 7 days reserved for evaluation and consultation.  

Treatment program is highly structured and personalized based on individual diagnoses and development. Patients receive care from a multidisciplinary team, including physiatrists, neurologists, psychologists, nutritionists, podiatrists, and speech therapists, with a strong emphasis on physical, cognitive, and behavioural rehabilitation. The program’s goal is to enhance quality of life by improving mobility and motor skill deficits, enhancing the ability to cope with social challenges, impulse and emotions, maximizing independence and self-care, as well as improving communication skills. 


The program begins with a thorough evaluation and diagnosis. This is a crucial part of the program so as to maximize the potential of individuals with autism by developing a program based on the patient’s unique strengths and challenges. Included in this phase of treatment is:  

  • Laboratory investigations and clinic Analysis
  • In-depth clinical evaluations 
  • Meeting with family or legal guardian 


While there is no cure for autism, tailored therapies can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with ASD. The program offered in Cuba includes but not limited to: 

  • Occupational therapy: Focusing on developing daily living skills, enhancing fine motor abilities, and addressing sensory processing issues to improve overall functioning and independence. 
  • Behavior management therapy: Utilizing techniques to reinforce positive behaviors and reduce negative behaviors, enhancing overall social and functional skills. 
  • Speech therapy: Aiming to improve verbal and nonverbal communication skills so that individuals can express themselves more effectively and engage in social interactions. 
  • Physical therapy: Focusing on improving motor skills, coordination, and physical strength to enhance overall functional abilities and independence. 
  • Outdoor therapy: Incorporating nature-based activities to improve sensory processing, social skills, and overall well-being through engaging experiences in natural environments 
  • Social Skills Training: Designed to enhance social interaction and build relationships. 
  • Functional electrical stimulation (FES): Using electrical impulses to stimulate muscles, aiming to improve motor function and coordination in individuals with autism 
  • Ozone therapy: Administering ozone gas to enhance oxygenation and potentially reduce inflammation, and boost the immune system 

To further increase the individual’s improvement, his/her guardian or companion will be trained in how to continue the implementation of these programs once the patient returns to their country.   

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